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快速指南成为数据分析师

kasdega 工具类 2022-1-11 00:43 98人围观

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This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon.

探索简单的路径,成为一个伟大的视觉数据讲故事者

Are you someone who loves data, but not keen on becoming a data scientist? Do you enjoy finding a needle in a haystack? Are you a creative thinker who is always curious? Then the role of a data analyst/data visualizer/data storyteller might be apt for you.

不是每个人都进入编码,数学和统计数据。但是,与数据一起使用数据,探索数据的隐藏洞察力,并以简单的方式展示这些见解可能是您想要涉及的东西。本文将通过所需的技能,工具和资源来走路。本文将介绍所需的技能,工具和资源成为数据分析师。

技术能力

数据分析师的作用不需要计算机科学或数学背景。即使您来自非技术背景,您也可以获得此角色所需的技术技能。以下是ACE数据分析师角色所需的关键技术技能列表:

  • Programming: The level of coding expertise required for a data analyst is not as high as that of a data scientist. You need to have the ability to explore and analyze huge datasets. This is achieved using data visualization tools such as Power BI and Tableau. However, not all companies can afford to purchase these tools. Therefore, the ubiquitous choice is to use Python and its extensive data visualization libraries.Python is the best choice for anyone new to coding. It’s very easy to learn and the most widely used programming language in data science. You can manage with basic Python skills and master the key libraries required for this role that includes Pandas, Matplotlib, Seaborn, Numpy, and Scikit Learn.

Basic knowledge of SQL is also helpful as it will give you control over accessing the data from various sources. Understanding data retrieval and integration will help in managing the data well.

  • Tools: Data visualization tools are what drive most of the data analyst roles. Mastering these tools does not require a technical background. Most of these tools work on a click and drag basis. The important aspect is to understand various functionalities required to analyze and visualize data using these tools. According to Gartner’s 2020 Magic Quadrant, the top business intelligence and analytics tools in the market are Power BI and Tableau.You can learn both of them or focus on one and gain mastery. Both the tools have free cloud versions available that has most of the features required for data analysis. Basic knowledge of using these tools is accomplished within a few weeks with the help of free tutorials available online. You will need some effort to gain expertise in the advanced level of using these tools that includes various calculations, formulas, developing custom visualizations, and slicing/dicing data. It is essential to master at least one of these tools thoroughly.

Excel is another widely used data analysis tool but underrated for its capability. Its features are on par with that of Power BI as Microsoft has brought in most of the Power BI tools such as Power Query editor to Excel. There are many features in Excel such as pivot tables, formulas for data manipulation, and charts for visualization that is effectively used to develop some amazing dashboards.

  • Business/Domain Knowledge: Domain knowledge implies understanding the customers’ business environments, competitors, and the business‘ overall foreseeable future. Every data analyst must spend sufficient time on acquiring the business/domain knowledge related to the problem statement. This will equip you with the skill to understand the problem from different perspectives and come up with the best possible solution.

软技能

与数据科学家相比,数据分析师需要更多熟练的软技能。ONU将在数据分析师上,以有效地将数据分析的结果与可能包括重要利益相关者(如经理,客户和中小企业)(主题专家)(主题专家)提供的面板展示。您需要拥有必要的软技能来将技术信息搅拌成易于理解的非技术行动项目。您必须自信地展示您的调查结果并通过令人印象深刻的演示来解决解决方案。以下是此角色所需的一些关键焦点区域:

  • Storytelling: Your dashboard consisting of all the charts and data is not enough if it’s simply colorful and nice to view. Each item in the dashboard should convey a message and together you have to weave a problem combined with a solution-based story to the stakeholder. In the given timeframe, you must have the ability to convey a story of your findings without confusing the user. Your story should be concise, simple, and precisely highlight the problem area.
  • Presentation: “A picture is worth a thousand words”, is a popular saying emphasizing the importance of visuals. A visual analyst knows exactly the type of charts to use for various data comparison/analysis. The dashboard used for presentation should not be a chaos of figures and visuals that is difficult to comprehend for the end-user. Your presentation must direct the attention of the stakeholder to key focus areas in the data.
  • Communication: Having good communication skills is very important as communicating how insightful the results are, and how it can help customers in improving the profits is crucial. You need to look at the problem from different perspectives. Structured thinking is key to this. Continuously asking questions is one of the most important aspects of thriving in this role. A data analyst needs to be curious and always learning.

Certifications

有许多认证可用于验证您在此作用中的技能。但是,我建议选择由工业领导者(如Tableau)和Microsoft提供的那些。我还包括与IIBA和TDWI的数据分析相关的两个重要认证。以下是您可以退房的关键认证:

工作前景

美国劳工统计局报告说,通过2026年,对数据科学技能的需求将推动27.9%的就业涨幅。对熟练的数据分析的需求目前超过供应。

As already discussed, having only technical knowledge is not enough for this role. Analytical thinking and the ability to picture numbers into patterns is very critical for this role. Alongside, the business analyst role is merging with that of a data analyst, and business analysts are one of the most in-demand professionals. So leveraging this opportunity, it’s the right time for people wishing to transition to this field from marketing/sales/business profession.

Whether you are fresh out of college or a veteran in the industry, the prospects of starting your career as a data analyst, or transitioning to this role are very much possible with the right balance of technical and soft skills. Make use of online platforms such as Tableau gallery to showcase your skills. Tableau has a big online community that is very active.

结论

These were some of the key points that I wanted to discuss becoming a successful data analyst. Focus on your shortcomings and master those skills, as this is a very competitive field. Develop interesting dashboards using Tableau/Power BI/Excel and share it on LinkedIn to be noticed, and reach potential employers.

PS:我在我的文章中提供了所有必要的资源作为超链接。

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